Spain, Espana with a ‘~’ on top of the ‘n’ or Hispania is as you would probably know is in Europe. It is a part of the Iberian Peninsula which includes Portugal, Spain, Gibraltar and Andorra. It’s capital and largest city is Madrid. Now that we’ve got the basics out of the way, let’s talk Romans in Spain. Back during the Roman period, the Iberian Peninsula in all entirety was one region. Countries like Portugal came into being in 868 and by that time the peninsula had changed hands twice after the Romans.
It took the Romans over 200 years to conquer all of Spain and held on for another 600 years until the Goths came into the scene. They then lost it to the Moors and finally in the 15th century the Kingdom of Spain was born.
One thing i must point out is that the title is not chronologically correct. Spain as a nation or a kingdom came into being in the 1400s. Till the the entire region was shared by small kings much like Huevos Y Bacon. So Hispania would have been more accurate!
St Patrix Day- St. Patrick’s Day commemorates the arrival of Christianity in Ireland. St. Patrick is the most commonly recognized patron saint of Ireland. This day marks the lift of restriction on drinking and eating although people take it as a reason to get drunk out of their minds these days. The popular symbolisms associated to St .Patrick’s day are the color green and the three leaf clover or the shamrock.
olé – Used to express excited approval (you’ll be hearing this a lot)
Tranquil- Peaceful, serene
Fishmonger- A monger is another word for dealer. If you have difficulty in grasping the concept of ‘Fish’ then may god be with you!
Lurverly- a very fancy way of saying ‘Lovely’. I think she’s trying to really sell the fish!
Mop up somebody- to defeat someone
Yoke- The condition of being subjugated by or as if by a conqueror; subjugation or bondage
Veni, vidi, vici- (Latin) I came, I saw, I conquered
Provinces- Outskirts, areas away from the capital
Indifferent- apethetic, uncaring
Squabble- argue, quarrel
Redoubtable- Worthy of respect or honor
Huevos Y Bacon- Eggs and bacon. Huevos is the Spanish word for eggs.
Sling- A weapon consisting of a looped strap in which a stone is whirled and then let fly
Confiscate- take away, seize
Keep one’s hair on- (idiom) a slightly impolite way of telling someone who is angry to try to be calm and patient
Heirless- Heir: successor to the throne\ inheritor. Heirless would then mean without a successor
Have work cut out-(idiom) f you have your work cut out, you have something very difficult to do
Spurius Brontosaurus- Spurious: irrelevant, trivial; Brontosaurus: large dinosaur, now called Apatosaurus
Molest- mistreat. (I remember the time when the word molest wasn’t as bad as it is now. Kinda like the word gay.)
Raucus Hallelujachorus- Raucous: loud; Hallelujah chorus: chorus found often in church hymns which consists of the word hallelujah repeated. Probably in reference to Handel’s ‘ Messiah’
Revolting- disgusting, awful
Page 15, frame 2- Usually when somebody gets an idea, it is shown by a light bulb going off above their heads. Since the light bulb isn’t going to be invented for another 1900 years, every time someone gets an idea an oil lamp is lit above their heads.
Beati pauperes spiritu- Blessed are the poor in spirit
Dignified- grand, distinguished
The pick of the bunch- the best of the lot
Barking up the wrong tree- (idiom) believing the wrong explanation for something
Captive audience- In the real world as opposed to the totally awesome, tongue-in-cheek world of Goscinny and Uderzo, a captive audience is used mainly in advertising. For example you are waiting in line at the grocery store. Reliance fresh used to have monitors that would play commercials for Reliance products. You are stuck in line and have to pay attention because it’s pretty boring waiting in line. In this case the authors are actually referring to an audience that was captured.
Clapped in chains- put forcibly into something
Chain reaction- A series of events in which each induces or influences the next
Salsibury Plain- Where the Stonehenge is located
Hombre- (Spanish) A man; a fellow
Bearing down- To advance in a threatening manner
Wet behind the ears- (idiom) young and not experienced
Belt up- (Page 28 frame 4) A reference to the Gothic invasion of Iberia in 409
Surreptitiously – Secretly, clandestine
Basque- a member of a people of unknown origin living in the western Pyrenees, in northwestern Spain and southwestern France
Rut- a groove, furrow
Replete- stuffed, gorged
Pamplona- The Running of the Bulls,known as encierro to the locals, is held every year in Pamplona. A number of bulls are let loose on the streets of Pamplona in order to transport them to the bull ring where they will be killed in bull fights. Unlike bull fights anybody can participate in the Running of the Bulls.
As crazy as it may sound, a similar practice exists in India called Jallikattu, practiced in Tamil Nadu, where young men try fighting a very angry bull. Unlike traditional bullfighting (although this being older should be called that), the bull is not killed and it attacks not out of fear and neither is it provoked. It is in the nature of the species of bulls to destroy everything in its path.
Pg 32, frames 4 and 5- It’s Don Quixote and Sancho Panza, characters of the book The Ingenious Gentleman Don Quixote (ki- hote) of La Mancha and they’re attacking windmills!!
Nodepositon el Sodasiphon- No deposit on soda bottle (in some countries, you can get some money back if you return the soda bottles. Actually we used to have a similar concept as well. I remember when people from Pepsi would come to our door every week and sell us one liter glass bottles.)
Gypsies- people inclined to a nomadic, unconventional way of life
Specimen- sample, example
Woe is me- saying ‘woe is me’ is the same as saying ‘I am distressed’
Foiled- thwarted, frustrated
Oloroso el Fiasco- Oloroso: smelly; fiasco: total disaster (Ha ha!! There’s an old Spanish saying that goes ‘Beans, beans, the magical fruit, the more you eat, the more you toot!’)
Be full of beans- to have a lot of energy and enthusiasm
Gaiety- happiness, cheerfulness
Page 41, frame 1- is it me or do the Druids look like members of the Ku Klux Clan???
Thin-skinned- The opposite of thick-skinned: not easily upset or hurt; insensitive
Sauerkraut- Chopped or shredded cabbage salted and fermented in its own juice
Dope- An illicit drug (very understanding term used by Brontosaurus. Anything that is bad for the establishment is outlawed.)
Kick up a row- to become a nuisance; to misbehave and disturb (someone)
Obsequius- Obsequious: fawning, overly submissive
It’s an ill wind- (idiom) something that you say which means most bad things that happen have a good result for someone
Panem et circenses- bread and circuses: provision of the means of life and recreation by government to appease discontent
Begonia- Begonia: a type of flower
Auroch- A very large (weighing up to 1000 kgs), now extinct bull. If you’ve seen the Jallikattu video, the bull (Gaur) used there is a relative!
Aurochedor- A Toreador is a bull fighter because he fights Toro or bulls. Can you do the rest of the figurative math?