1) UNDAUNTED: His challenge will be remembered for its undaunted vigour.
Not discouraged or disheartened; resolutely courageous
Not put off, discouraged, or beaten.
2) BURGEONED: The formal sector has grown to only a fraction of its potential while the unorganized sector has burgeoned, though it offers no protection to labour or employers
a. To put forth new buds, leaves, or greenery; sprout.
b. To begin to grow or blossom.
2. To grow or develop rapidly.
3) SLUGGISH and DEFYING: Bangladesh, which is the most active country in the world, with only 5 per cent of its population deemed to be sluggish — rather defying the glib stereotype of the lazy Bengali.
1. Displaying little movement or activity; slow; inactive: a sluggish stream; sluggish growth.
2. Lacking alertness, vigor, or energy; inert or indolent.
3. Slow to perform or respond to stimulation.
a. To oppose or resist with boldness and assurance: defied the blockade by sailing straight through it.
b. To refuse to submit to or cooperate with: defied the court order by leaving the country.
2. To be unaffected by; resist or withstand: “So the plague defied all medicines” (Daniel Defoe).
3. To challenge or dare (someone) to do something.
3) REPOSITORY: The study is a veritable repository of myth-busting facts.
1. A place where things may be put for safekeeping.
2. A warehouse.
3. A museum.
4. A burial vault; a tomb.
5. One that contains or is a store of something specified:
6. One who is entrusted with secrets or confidential information.
4) SEDENTARY: Physical inactivity increases both with age and income: rich countries were found to be more sedentary than poor ones.
1. Characterized by or requiring much sitting: a sedentary job.
2. Accustomed to sitting or to taking little exercise.
3. Remaining or living in one area, as certain birds; not migratory.
4. Attached to a surface and not moving freely, as a barnacle.
5) RENAISSANCE: The Renaissance physician Paracelsus knew that postmortems have a certainty that prescriptions never will.
1. A rebirth or revival.
a. The humanistic revival of classical art, architecture, literature, and learning that originated in It
aly in the 14th century and later spread throughout Europe.
b. The period of this revival, roughly the 14th through the 16th century, marking the transition from medieval to modern times.
3. often Renaissance
a. A revival of intellectual or artistic achievement and vigor: the Celtic Renaissance.
b. The period of such a revival.
6) INNUENDO: “It is not sworn testimony and this is trial by rumour, hearsay, gossip, slander, and innuendo.”
1. An indirect or subtle reference, esp one made maliciously or indicating criticism or disapproval; insinuation
2. (Law) Law (in pleading) a word introducing an explanatory phrase, usually in parenthesis
3. (Law) Law (in an action for defamation)
a. an explanation of the construction put upon words alleged to be defamatory where the defamatory meaning is not apparent
b. the words thus explained
7) VITRIOL: More than VS’s vitriol, the party should engage itself with this question of why it is not seen to be on the right side of political and ideological battles.
8) INCUMBENCY: The party, which almost beat anti-incumbency in the assembly polls, has to ask itself why the leadership is unable to arrest the growing dissipation of goodwill in Kerala. After the erosion in Bengal, this could prove disastrous for the party.
1. The quality or condition of being incumbent.
2. Something incumbent; an obligation.
a. The holding of an office or ecclesiastical benefice.
b. The term of an office or benefice.
9) VETOED: When Russia and China vetoed a UN Security Council resolution on Syria last February, the Saudis pulled all the stops to get a similar resolution approved with an overwhelming majority in the General Assembly.
a. The vested power or constitutional right of one branch or department of government to refuse approval of measures proposed by another department, especially the power of a chief executive to reject a bill passed by the legislature and thus prevent or delay its enactment into law.
b. Exercise of this right.
c. An official document or message from a chief executive stating the reasons for rejection of a bill.
2. An authoritative prohibition or rejection of a proposed or intended act.
tr.v. ve·toed, ve·to·ing, ve·toes
1. To prevent (a legislative bill) from becoming law by exercising the power of veto.
2. To forbid or prohibit authoritatively.
10) STAUNCH: Shia Iran has long been a staunch ally of Damascus and has much to lose if Assad is ousted from power.
1. Firm and steadfast; true.
2. Having a strong or substantial construction or constitution.
3. loyal, firm, and dependable a staunch supporter
4. .solid or substantial in construction
5. (Transport / Nautical Terms) Rare (of a ship, etc.) watertight; seaworthy
11) ENSEMBLE: I say that if there’s any singular POV in this ensemble picture, it is that of working class cop John Blake.
1. A unit or group of complementary parts that contribute to a single effect, especially:
a. A coordinated outfit or costume.
b. A coordinated set of furniture.
c. A group of musicians, singers, dancers, or actors who perform together:
12) STREW and INEVITABLE: WE INDIANS have gotten so used to seeing garbage spilling over from municipal dustbins at street corners and often even strewn around in open public spaces, that we accept this phenomenon as inevitable.
1. To spread here and there; scatter: strewing flowers down the aisle.
2. To cover (an area or a surface) with things scattered or sprinkled: “Italy . . . was strewn thick with the remains of Roman buildings” (Bernard Berenson).
3. To be or become dispersed over (a surface).
4. To spread (something) over a wide area; disseminate.
1. Impossible to avoid or prevent.
2. Invariably occurring or appearing; predictable
2. sure to happen; certain
13) SPLUTTERING: These periodic suggestions send Russia’s Communists into a spluttering rage.
1. To make repeated or sporadic spitting sounds.
2. To speak hastily and incoherently, as when confused or angry.
To utter or express hastily and incoherently.
A spluttering noise.
14) OBSEQUIES: Medinsky pledged to make it an occasion to remember and to observe all the obsequies.
A funeral rite or ceremony. Often used in the plural.
15) EMBALMING and JAUNTY: His caretakers got drunk on the alcohol used in embalming Lenin’s corpse. There are group photos of them striking jaunty poses, as if they’ve gathered for a picnic.
1. To treat (a corpse) with preservatives in order to prevent decay.
2. To protect from change or oblivion; preserve or fix: “A precedent embalms a principle” (Benjamin Disraeli).
3. To impart fragrance to; perfume:
1. Having a buoyant or self-confident air; brisk.
2. Crisp and dapper in appearance; natty.
16) FALLACIOUS: “The fallacious nature of these arguments is as clear as bright daylight.”
1. Containing or based on a fallacy: a fallacious assumption.
2. Tending to mislead; deceptive:
17) ABSTAIN and WEDGE: In fact, had the CPM chosen to abstain… it would have limited Mamata’s capacity to manoeuvre on this issue, but then the CPM loves to live in the delusion that it can drive a wedge between the Congress.
1. To refrain from something by one’s own choice: abstain from traditional political rhetoric.
2. To refrain from voting:
1. To split or force apart with or as if with a wedge.
2. To fix in place or tighten with a wedge.
3. To crowd or squeeze into a limited space.
18) FEUDING: It would be amusing, although good for Nepal, if the former king managed, by raising the specter of a royal return, to bring all the feuding political parties together.
A bitter, often prolonged quarrel or state of enmity, especially such a state of hostilities between two families or clans.
To carry on or perpetuate a bitter quarrel or state of enmity.