1) EXORCISED: The rise and dominance of single-state parties represents a decline from a “golden age”, and so, like Hobbes, the critics want these parties to be exorcised.
1. To expel (an evil spirit) by or as if by incantation, command, or prayer.
2. To free from evil spirits or malign influences.
2) PAROCHIAL: The underlying normative idea is that the logic of modernization would flatten regional and parochial identities and allow for the emergence of nationwide cleavages.
1. Of, relating to, supported by, or located in a parish.
2. Of or relating to parochial schools.
3. Narrowly restricted in scope or outlook; provincial:
3) DISMANTLED: All statues of Prithvi Narayan Shah and his descendants were dismantled.
1. a. To take apart, disassemble; tear down.
b. To put an end to in a gradual systematic way: dismantling the cumbersome regulations for interstate trucking.
2. To strip of furnishings or equipment: Dismantled the house before knocking it down.
3. To strip of covering or clothing.
4) BUNGLING: Public anger over corruption, mismanagement, bungling of budgets and poor service delivery is spilling over
To work or act ineptly or inefficiently.
To handle badly, botch.
Unfortunately, on her big day, she bungled up the performance.
A clumsy or inept performance; a botch
5) DICTUM: The major parties blindly followed the Maoists dictum that to build a “New Nepal” the old one had to be totally demolished.
1. A formal or authoritative statement or assertion; pronouncement
3. An authoritative declaration
6) DEFUNCT: Now, with these members retired or retiring, Nepal’s constitutional bodies have become defunct.
1. No longer living; dead or extinct:
2. No longer operative or valid: I tried to sign into my account after almost 2 months and found that it was now defunct.
3. No longer in force or use; inactive; A defunct law; A defunct organization.
7) JEOPARDIZING: The election commission will have no commissioner in three months, jeopardizing the conduct of elections.
1. To risk; hazard: He jeopardized his job by being persistently unpunctual.
2. To put in danger; imperil: His clumsiness could have jeopardized our positions as undercover spies.
3. Pose a threat to; present a danger to; “The pollution is jeopardizing the good health of the crops.
8) SUCCUMB: EVEN as a batsman who was proud to be cautious and conservative, Sunil Gavaskar would occasionally succumb to the temptation of poking his bat at balls best left alone.
1. To give way in face of the overwhelming force (of) or desire (for): I was on a diet but I succumbed to the delightful smell of bread baking.
2. To be fatally overwhelmed (by disease, old age, etc.); die (of): The injured man sustained serious injuries and succumbed to them on the way to the hospital.
9) SCINTILLATING: The horrific hypothetical happening would have deprived cricket’s narrative of a scintillating rivalry that regularly fuels memorable contests, and left it so much poorer.
1. To throw off sparks; flash.
2. To sparkle or shine.
3. To be animated and brilliant:
10) AVERSION: What can be done to reduce risk-aversion and ensure that residual risks can be well managed?
1. A fixed, intense dislike; repugnance: formed an aversion to crowds.
2. The cause or object of such a feeling.
3. The avoidance of a thing, situation, or behavior because it has been associated with an unpleasant or painful stimulus.
4. Obsolete The act of turning away or averting.
11) TITILLATED: The titillated crowd joins in. Video cameras capture every detail.
1. To stimulate by touching lightly; tickle. The smell of the food was wonderfully titillating our appetites.
2. To excite (another) pleasurably, superficially or erotically.
12) BREACH: It heads off an irrevocable breach between the two nations.
a. An opening, a tear, or a rupture.
b. A gap or rift, especially in or as if in a solid structure such as a dike or fortification.
2. A violation or infraction, as of a law, a legal obligation, or a promise.
By speaking in public they had committed a serious breach in contract.
3. A breaking up or disruption of friendly relations; an estrangement.
4. A leap of a whale from the water.
5. The breaking of waves or surf.
13) CONCORD: Even such an uneasy concord is unlikely with the military, which appears locked into backing a militant Taliban faction as its proxy in Afghanistan and is equally relentless in its attempt to challenge
1. Harmony or agreement of interests or feelings; accord.
2. A treaty establishing peaceful relations.
3 Agreement between words in person, number, gender, or case.
14) RECALCITRANCE: On issues that matter, the Congress will have to interrogate its own indecision, or lack of coherence and belief. It cannot hide behind the real or presumed recalcitrance of its allies.
Marked by stubborn resistance to and defiance of authority or guidance.
the trait of being unmanageable
15) AMOUNTED: In the last few years, former finance minister Pranab Mukherjee often made statements that amounted to suggesting that the instrument to address economic growth was the interest rate, and that the RBI is not an independent central bank whose objective is price stability, implying that interest rate policy in India can be used to push growth at the cost of inflation.
1. The total of two or more quantities; the aggregate. The amount of times I have been there is much higher than you have.
2. A number; a sum.
3. A principal plus its interest, as in a loan.
What is the amount that is due now?
4. The full effect or meaning; import.
16) DESOLATION: The desolation would not leave me.
1. The act or an instance of desolating.
2. The state of being desolate: Finding comfort in desolation is a dangerous place to be.
3. Devastation; ruin : The war left the quite city in an absolutely desolated condition.
17) EPHEMERAL: It reinforced the contradiction that the “eternal” superstar was human and all the hysteria that surrounded him was ephemeral.
1. Lasting for a markedly brief time: “There remain some truths too ephemeral to be captured in the cold pages of a court transcript” (Irving R. Kaufman).
A markedly short-lived thing.
18) MYRIAD: Rajesh Khanna affected all of us in a myriad ways.
1. Constituting a very large, indefinite number; innumerable: the myriad fish in the ocean.
2. Composed of numerous diverse elements or facets: The man could have committed the crime for a myriad of reasons.
1. A vast number: the myriads of bees in the hive.
2. Archaic Ten thousand.
19) FICKLE: Fickle allies like the Trinamool Congress have not made the UPA value its loyal ones more.
Characterized by erratic changeableness or instability, especially with regard to affections or attachments; capricious.
20) PREDICAMENT: The UNSC’s haplessness, evident in the diplomatic scrambling prior to voting on a tougher resolution, has been mirrored in the predicament of special envoy Kofi Annan’s six-point peace plan.
1. A situation, especially an unpleasant, troublesome, or trying one, from which extrication is difficult.
2. Logic One of the basic states or classifications described by Aristotle into which all things can be placed; a category.
21) OVERT and PERVERSE: The Election Commission’s aggressive monitoring of overt election expenses also has perverse consequences.
1. Open and observable; not hidden, concealed, or secret: The troops ere met with overt hostility.
2. Of, relating to, or being military or intelligence operations sanctioned or mandated by Congress: They did not shy away from providing overt aid to the rebels.
1. Directed away from what is right or good; perverted. His representation of the event was a blatant perversion and not received well.
2. Obstinately persisting in an error or fault; wrongly self-willed or stubborn. His refusal only seemed to be a perverse attempt to cause the old couple heart ache.
3. a. Marked by a disposition to oppose and contradict.
b. Arising from such a disposition.
4. Cranky; peevish.
22) SQUATTING: Watch it, if you must, for Oprah, for the wonder of India she finds in everyone or situation — even the open air, squatting toilet.
1. The act of squatting.
2. A squatting or crouching posture.
3. Sports A lift or a weightlifting exercise in which one squats and stands while holding aweighted barbell supported by the back of the shoulders.
4. The place occupied by a squatter.
5. The lair of an animal such as a hare.